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Hog Hammock / Behavior Cemetery 2017-04-07T16:12:55+00:00

Project Description

Hog Hammock / Behavior Cemetery

The lush forest surrounds guests in a sea of green almost year round, and exploring the island’s 11-mile length and four-mile width is certain to produce sightings of whitetail deer, raccoon, opossum, wild turkey armadillo and other animals. The rare Guatemalan Chacalaca, imported as a gamebird, now runs wild in the forest, as do wild hogs and cattle, descendants escaped from the farms of Sapelo’s early settlers. Sapelo is a birders paradise, with many different shorebird and indigenous species calling the island home permanently or seasonally.

Early Guale Indian Native American settlements are scattered across the island, and Spanish, English and French occupation each succeeded one another

The only private parcel of land is the tiny island community of Hog Hammock, populated primarily by descendant workers from the Spalding plantation. A small general store, snack bar and curio shop comprise the business community of Hog Hammock and the local residents will be glad to see you during your visit. Scattered across the island, visitors will see evidence of the island’s settlement, including Reynolds Chocolate House cottage, a landing strip, old post office and the ruins of several tabby-constructed structures dating back to the plantation days.

Behavior Cemetery is a historic cemetery on Sapelo Island outside Hog Hammock, Georgia. The African-American cemetery is believed to date to before the American Civil War although the earliest marker is dated to the late 19th century. The cemetery is located in the center of Sapelo Island, towards the south end, 1‑1/4 miles west of Hog Hammock.

It was originally associated with a former community named “Behavior” and slaves of the Thomas Spalding Plantation. An example of African-American burial grounds, the cemetery’s grave markers include short posts at either end of the graves with epitaphs on wooden boards nailed to the surrounding trees and personal items included with the deceased.

More recent tombstones are cement, granite or metal. It may have been a slave burial ground and is located near the former slave quarters of Thomas Spalding’s plantation and the Sugar Mill Complex west of the cemetery. In 1996, it was still in use and was the only cemetery associated with the African American community on Sapelo Island.

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 22, 1996.